The weather observations in Russia have been carried out since the beginning of the 19th century. By the middle of the XXI century, the number of weather stations increased to 519.
From 1960 to 2019, the average annual temperature at all of these stations increased by 3.7 degrees Celsius. This happens unevenly: in some years it was colder, in some - warmer. But the chart is still creeping up.
Warming is being observed throughout the country. Here, for example, we can see the average annual temperatures in three distant points of Russia: in Moscow, Krasnoyarsk and in Vladivostok. The curves also slowly tend upwards.
The warmest temperature was detected in the Arctic and in the north-east of Siberia – and the increasing rate was estimated as 4.5–5 degrees.
“Europe is being heated by the Gulf Stream [warm sea currents], so the changes there are less dramatic. And in Russia the climatic conditions much more severe, so every change is more drastic and starts earlier."

Sergey Kirpotin, biologist, professor at Tomsk State University

It becomes especially warm in the Arctic during the winter. Due to climate change, the usual routes of air masses "collapsed”, so more warm air began to flow from the south than before
At the Olenek station in Yakutia, it has been warming up by an average of 6 degrees over 59 years. This is the territory of permafrost, which is now actively melting. Because of this, methane is released from the frozen rocks, it enhances the greenhouse effect.
Pipelines and most buildings in the Arctic are built on piles. Due to the thawing of permafrost, the bearing capacity of the piles has already decreased by 20–40 %.
“Economically important objects fall into the high risk zone: the Eastern Siberia - Pacific Ocean pipeline, trunk pipelines in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug; railway Obskaya - Bovanenkovo. The cities of Vorkuta and Novy Urengoy fall into the zone of greatest risk."

Oleg Anisimov, Svetlana Badina, "Assessment report on climate changes and their consequences on the territory of the Russian Federation"

The temperature in Yakutsk became significantly warmer - by 4.6 degrees. According to experts, the damage to infrastructure in the Arctic zone of Russia by the middle of the XXI century will rise to the amount of approximately 7 trillion rubles.
"More than a quarter of residential five-story buildings in Yakutsk, Vorkuta and Tiksi, built in the 1950s and 1970s, may become unusable in the coming decades."

Oleg Anisimov, Svetlana Badina, "Assessment report on climate changes and their consequences on the territory of the Russian Federation"

On the island of Vise, it has been warmed by 5.2 degrees. Due to the fact that the ice in the Arctic is melting, the shores are eroded and Russia is losing territory. The coast recedes by 2–4 meters annually.
Over the past half century, Siberia has become much warmer in the off-season - in autumn and spring. This is how the chart of average temperatures in Omsk looks like in April.
And this is how it looks like in October.
“A huge problem for Siberia - the terms of functioning of winter roads (winter roads that pass through ice and snow) have been reduced by almost two months. This winter we were planning an expedition to Yamal, and we could not get through - the winter roads did not work."

Sergey Kirpotin, biologist, professor at Tomsk State University

The record growing temperature can be monitored in Russia during the last 20 years.
From 2000 to 2019, the average annual temperature in the country increased by 0.9 degrees. The rest of the world is also getting warmer.
According to the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the temperature on the Earth will continue to rise.
Over the past 150 years, the temperature on the planet has increased by an average of 1.09 degrees. By 0.02 degrees - for natural reasons, by 1.07 degrees - as a result of human activity. Major changes have taken place over the past 60 years.
The main reason for the rise of temperature is that there is more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Over the past 150 years, its allocation has increased by almost 1.5 thousand times. Because of the carbon dioxide, the planet seemed to be in a greenhouse and began to heat up more.
For the normal existence of mankind, it is of great importance for the average temperature not to rise by more than two degrees, compared to the second half of the 19th century. In order for the increase to remain within two degrees, it is necessary to switch to alternative energy sources, develop forestry, and improve the thermal insulation of buildings. Then, by 2050, emissions will stop - and the temperature rise will stop accordingly.
If you start to reduce emissions slowly and reach zero by 2075, by 2100 the temperature on Earth will rise by 1.8 degrees. In this case, the mankind will also be able to adapt to the changes, but they will be on a larger scale than in the first scenario.
If emissions are kept at the same level or increased, the temperature will increase faster. This could turn into a worldwide catastrophe.
Due to climate change, floods, forest fires, and droughts are more common. The summer of 2021 confirms this: within a few months, there were large forest fires in Siberia, Greece, Turkey and North America, floods in Germany and China. Scientists predict that with an increase in temperature on Earth, such phenomena will occur more often.
The fastest growth in temperature can be monitored in the Arctic and Antarctic. If greenhouse gases continue to be emitted as actively as they are now, or even more actively, by the middle of the 21st century, almost all ice in the Arctic will have melted. The Arctic occupies one fifth of the territory of Russia. This means that our country will feel the consequences real quick.
As by 2050 the world will look different. Each region on Earth will feel that it has become warmer, forest fires, floods and other disasters will occur more often. How much on a large-scale and destructive they will be depends on whether humankind starts to cut carbon emissions and how soon it starts to do so.